Hard Maple, Rock Maple
(Acer saccharum Marshall)
| Twigs | Leaves | Fruit
| Outstanding Features
Red Maple | Silver
Maple | Black Maple | Box
Elder | Sugar Maple
maple is a magnificent forest tree abundant everywhere in the
State outside of Long Island. Besides providing beautiful borders
to many miles of highway, and hundreds of thousands of gallons of
maple syrup, it yields a wood of high grade. The wood is hard, strong,
close-grained, and tough, with a fine, satiny surface. It is in great
demand for flooring, veneer, interior finish, furniture, shoe lasts,
rollers, and as a fuel wood of the best quality.
- on young trees dark gray in color, close, smooth, and firm; becoming
furrowed into long irregular plates lifting along one edge.
- slender, shining, and warmly brown, the color of maple sugar.
buds - conical, sharp-pointed, and brown in color, the terminal
buds much larger than the lateral buds.
- simple, opposite, from 3 to 5 inches
long and fully as wide, from 3-5 shallow lobes
with wide-spaced coarse teeth, dark green in color above, paler below;
the clefts are rounded at the base. Leaf edge is smooth between the
points The leaf stalk (petiole) is typically equal in length or shorter
than the leaf blade.
- maple keys (samaras), in short clusters, ripening in September.
Samaras are paired with the seeds joining each other in a straight
line, but the wings are separated by about 60 degrees.
features - rounded cleft between lobes of leaves; sharp-pointed,
brown buds; brown twig.
more information on the sugar maple, click